Tag Archives: Hinduism

Gods & Goddesses in Hinduism

Gods & Goddesses in Hinduism
The Basics of Hinduism
Hinduism is generally associated with a multiplicity of Gods, and does not advocate the worship of one particular deity. The gods and goddesses of Hinduism amount to thousands or even millions, all representing the many aspects of only one supreme Absolute called “Brahman”.

Therefore, to believe that the multiplicity of deities in Hinduism makes it polytheistic is erroneous. The Rig Veda says: “Ekam sath, Vipraah bahudhaa vadanti” (The Truth is one). However, to equate “Brahman” with “God” is imprecise. It is neither the “old man in the sky” concept, nor the idea of something capable of being vengeful or fearful.

The doctrine of Spiritual Competence (‘Adhikaara’) and that of the Chosen Deity (‘Ishhta Devata’) in Hinduism recommend that the spiritual practices prescribed to a person should correspond to his or her spiritual competence and that a person should have the freedom to choose (or invent) a form of Brahman that satisfies his spiritual cravings and to make it the object of his worship.

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Hinduism divides a person’s life in four stages or Asramas

Four stages of life

Hinduism not only tells you the aims of life but it also shows the practical way to how to achieve those aims. To do this, Hinduism divides a person’s life in four stages or Asramas:

1. Brahmacharya-Asrama.

2. Grihastha-Asrama.

3. Vanaprastha-Asrama.

4. Sannyasa-Asrama.

In the old times, people used to live for about 100 years or more. Therefore, a person’s life span is assumed to be about hundred years and each stage is expected to last for about 20 to 25 years. The second asrama is expected to last longer compared to others. Remember, this is a guideline and not a compulsion to anybody, even for the Brahmins (priests) but it was an ideal way to live a well-planned life.

1. Brahmacharya-Asrama:

Brahmacharya means celibacy. This is the student phase of life. In this Asrama, one is supposed to acquire knowledge from his teacher and to remain celibate. The stage generally starts from 8 years of age. The student is introduced to his Guru through a ceremony called “Upanayana.”

Notably, this stage is only for boys and not for girls and the student needs to stay with his teacher until he finishes his studies. This stage ends at the age 20 to 25 or less depending upon the situation.

2. Grihastha-Asrama:

Grihasthashrama means the stage of life when the person is married and has to fulfill all his duties towards his wife, children, father, and mother. This stage starts when Brahmacharya Asrama ends. So, this is the second stage of life. During this stage, he has to earn his livelihood by using his skills he learnt from his teacher during Brahmacharya Asrama. This is the most important stage of life and tends to last longer than other stages. During this stage, he is authorized to enjoy “Kama” as well as he has to work hard to secure “Artha.”  This stage is expected to end at 50 years of age.

3. Vanaprastha-Asrama.

Vanaprastha means “going to the forest.”  This is the third stage of life. This is the stage when the person is to retire, give up sexual life, give up all the possessions to children, and enter the forest. He could leave his wife to the care of his sons or allow her to accompany him. He will live as a hermit, surviving on alms.

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Jasa Perspektif 3d 0812 9489 4000

Notably, a person cannot enter Vanaprasthashrama unless and until his daughters are married and his sons are able to earn their own livelihood. This ensures that the person completes all his duties towards his families.

4. Sannyasa-Asrama:

Sannyasa means complete renunciation. This is the last stage of life and may start at 75 years of age but there is no such restriction of age. He is to dedicate himself entirely to spirituality. He is to live on fruits and roots found in the jungle. He is not allowed to eat cooked food or beg for alms. He needs to avoid unnecessary contacts with anybody. He does not need to care about his body. He is to practise austerities and thus be prepared for salvation. If he follow this stage properly, he would be released from the cycle of birth and rebirth and would attain Moksha (salvation).
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Manggala, Pinandita, Pemangku

Manggala, Pinandita, Pemangku

UDENG PEMANGKU

Pemangku Pura

TUGAS MANGGALA UPACARA
Sikap dan laksana manggala/pinandita atau pemangku agama Hindu pada waktu memimpin upacara.

A. PERSIAPAN
1. Memakai busana
a. Mawastra (memakai kain panjang)
Mantra : Om tas wastra mami, bhuda bhusana ya namah swaha.
b. Mekampuh (bentuk kain yang lebih kecil yang diikatkan pada pinggang diatas kain panjang)
Mantra : Om Kawacana mami Bhuda wisesa sudha nirmala ya namah swaha
c. Mapetet (memakai ikat pinggang dari kain yang menyerupai selendang)
Mantra : Om tas pragya mami bhuda sidhi ya namah swaha

Artikel Terkait Pinandita :

d. Makawaca (kain yang diikatkan di kepala sebagai penutup kepala/udeng)
Mantra : Om Hrung kawaca ya namah swaha.
2. Disiapkan sesaji dan air suci (pembersihan) ditempat memimpin upacara.
3. Disiapkan peralatan yang dihadapi oleh manggala upacara seperti :
a. Disebelah kiri sebuah tempat berisi kembang, air suci, bija dari beras, bajra/genta (kalaumempergunakan)
b. Disebelah kanan Disiapkan sebuah tempat berisi pasepan/padupaan dan sebuah tempat berisi air untuk mencuci tangan.
c. Di depan terdapat saji-sajian khusus untuk manggala upacara.

  1. Menaruh sesajen /banten di pelinggih.

Mantra : Om tamolah pancapacara guru paduka ya namah swaha
Om lingga purusa ya namah swaha

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Umat Hindu Ciledug Me-Galungan

Umat Hindu Ciledug

Hari Raya Galungan

Persembahyangan hari raya Galungan yang jatuh pada Budha Kliwon Dunggulan tanggal 27 Maret 2013 untuk umat Hindu di wilayah Ciledug dan seiktarnya berpusat di Pura Dharma Sidhi Ciledug. Jumlah umat Hindu Ciledug yang melaksanakan persembahyangan sangat banyak sehingga memenuhi areal utama mandala pura yang luasnya sekitar 250 meter persegi ini, serta umat yang tidak mendapat tempat melaksanakan persembahyangan tahap kedua. Persembahyangan dipimpin oleh manggala upacara Ida Pedanda Putra Sidemen, beliau merupakan manggala upacara untuk wilayah ciledug dan sekitarnya. Kerama Suka Duka Hindu Dharma Ciledug dengan kelian banjar I Nengah Arsa (ketua ke 3) merupakan pengempon pura Dharma Sidhi yang berdiri tahun 1990 ini, hadir pula mantan ketua banjar yang ke dua, I Ketut Artha,ketua PHDI kota Tangerang I Ketut Sedana, ketua PHDI propinsi Banten AA. Anom Suartha, sedangkan sesepuh pendiri pura yang sekaligus ketua banjar pertama, I Ketut Sumitha saat ini sudah berdomisili di Tabanan Bali.

KINI TELAH HADIR WEBSITE BANJAR CILEDUG www. banjarciledug .org

Persembahyangan dimulai pukul 20.00 WIB diawali dengan puja mantra oleh Ida Pedanda, saat suara genta pertama dibunyikan sebagai tanda awal pujawali, segera diiringi oleh kekidungan. Purwakaning angriptarum ….  . selanjutnya kekidungan Ida ratu saking luhur …, Om Om Sembah i katunan …. , Atur tityang para siswa lintang jugul …
Suasana spiritual sangat terasa, bau harum dupa, suara genta dan kekidungan menjadi satu dalam suasana yang khusuk. Sekitar 35 menit puja mantra dihaturkan kehadapan Ida Panembahan Hyang Agung Ida Sanghyang Widhi Wasa yang melinggih di Pura Dharma Sidhi, lalu dilanjutkan dengan persembahyangan bersama.

Persembahyangan bersama hari raya Galungan diawali dengan puja Tri sandya, yang dituntun oleh Mangku Gede pura Dharma Sidhi I Gusti Mangku Ambara. Muspa Panca Sembah merupakan acara utama dalam setiap persembahyangan, pertama nunas penyucian diri dengan sembah tanpa sarana bunga, selanjutnya nunas penyaksian saking bethara surya, yang ketiga merupakan persembahyangan kehadapan Ida Hyang Widhi ; Ida panembahan Yang Agung sane melinggih ring Padmasana pura Dharma Sidhi, selanjutnya sembah ke empat adalah nunas waranugraha. Sembah ditutup kembali dengan tanpa sarana.

Dalam dharma wacananya yang bersamaan dengan nunas tirtha, ketua PHDI propinsi Banten AA.Anom Suartha menyatakan hari raya Galungan merupakan hari kemenangan Dharma atas Adharma. Sehingga dalam hati kita yang ada adalah kesucian, ketulusan hati dalam melaksanakan tugas dan kewajiban. Kita mampu melaksanakan tugas dan kewajiban sebagai abdi negara dengan terbuka dan tulus.

” Bapak-bapak sebagai anggota banjar memberikan dukungan (kewajiban) kepada pengurus banjar, pengurus banjar melaksanakan tugas dan kewajiban, Parisada melaksanakan pembinaan umat sehingga umatnya mampu melaksanakan dharma dan swadharma, inilah kemenangan-kemenangan hidup (dharma)”.

Lebih lanjut beliau mengatakan tujuan melaksanakan persembahyangan pada hari raya Galungan ini adalah memohon anugerah, amerta, rezeki, panjang umur, keselamatan dengan ketulusan dan kesucian hati yang paling dalam, kehadapan Ida Hyang Panembahan, Ida Sanghyang Widhi Wasa.

AA. Anom Suartha mengucapkan terima kasih kepada umat Hindu atas peran swadaya dan swadharma umat dalam perayaan hari raya Nyepi tahun Saka 1935, ucapan selamat juga disampaikan kepada Sekeha Truna Truni Hindu Dharma Ciledug atas prestasi sebagai juara pertama lomba Ogoh-ogoh tingkat propinsi Banten.

Umat Ciledug – Rare Angon Nak Bali Belog